1872

Japanese vs. Gregorian Calendar

(Meiji 5, Year of the Monkey?)

Moon Cycles Lunar Dates Gregorian Dates Events
Nov. 21 Jan. 1 New Year’s.  Emperor Meiji visits the new arsenal at Yokusuka, and receives an accidental “baptism of fire” when some munitions explode.  He is unharmed and does not show fear.
Shosetsu: Small Snow Nov. 22 Jan. 2
Last Quarter Nov. 23 Jan. 3
Nov. 24 Jan. 4
Nov. 25 Jan. 5
Nov. 26 Jan. 6
Nov. 27 Jan. 7  Buffalo Bill acts as a guide for a royal hunt of Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia and General Philip Sheridan.  It is widely publicized, but General Custer gets more mention than Cody.
Nov. 28 Jan. 8
Nov. 29 Jan. 9
New Moon Nov. 30 Jan. 10
Dec. 1 Jan. 11
Dec. 2 Jan. 12
Dec. 3 Jan. 13
Dec. 4 Jan. 14
Dec. 5 Jan. 15  The Iwakura Mission arrives in San Francisco.
Dec. 6 Jan. 16
First Quarter: Taisetsu: Large Snow Dec. 7 Jan. 17
Dec. 8 Jan. 18
Dec. 9 Jan. 19  A letter appears in the San Francisco papers urging members of all Christian churches to pester the  Japanese delegation to release the Urakami Catholics.
Dec. 10 Jan. 20
Dec. 11 Jan. 21
Dec. 12 Jan. 22
Dec. 13 Jan. 23
Dec. 14 Jan. 24
Full Moon Dec. 15 Jan. 25
Dec. 16 Jan. 26
Dec. 17 Jan. 27
Dec. 18 Jan. 28
Dec. 19 Jan. 29
Dec. 20 Jan. 30
Dec. 21 Jan. 31
Toji: Winter Equinox Dec. 22 Feb. 1  Feb. 1872:  Vice Finance Minister Inoue Kaoru, formerly a harsh opponent of the Christians, begins to suggest their release, either to make new homes in the domains to which they had been sent, or to return to the Nagasaki area.  At this point converts to Russian Orthodoxy in Hakodate are permitted to go about their business.
Last Quarter Dec. 23 Feb. 2
Dec. 24 Feb. 3
Dec. 25 Feb. 4
Dec. 26 Feb. 5
Dec. 27 Feb. 6
Dec. 28 Feb. 7
New Moon Dec. 29 Feb. 8
Jan. 1 Feb. 9 Chinese & Japanese New Year
Jan. 2 Feb. 10
Jan. 3 Feb. 11
Jan. 4 Feb. 12
Shokan: Small Cold Jan. 5 Feb. 13
Jan. 6 Feb. 14 St. Valentine’s Day
Jan. 7 Feb. 15  Pardons granted to Christians who have recanted only.  The apostates are permitted to return to Nagasaki.  The rest are kept in confinement.
First Quarter Jan. 8 Feb. 16
Jan. 9 Feb. 17
Jan. 10 Feb. 18
Jan. 11 Feb. 19
Jan. 12 Feb. 20
Jan. 13 Feb. 21
Jan. 14 Feb. 22
Jan. 15 Feb. 23
Full Moon Jan. 16 Feb. 24
Jan. 17 Feb. 25
Jan. 18 Feb. 26  Pardon granted to remaining rebels (from the Shogunate side).  Foreign dress is now worn at the Imperial Court.
Jan. 19 Feb. 27
Daikan: Major Cold Jan. 20 Feb. 28
Jan. 21 (Feb. 29) Leap Year!
Jan. 22 1-Mar  Yellowstone National Park is established.
Last Quarter Jan. 23 2-Mar
Jan. 24 3-Mar
Jan. 25 4-Mar
Jan. 26 5-Mar
Jan. 27 6-Mar
Jan. 28 7-Mar
Jan. 29 8-Mar
New Moon Jan. 30 9-Mar
Feb. 1 10-Mar
Feb. 2 11-Mar
Beginning of Spring Feb. 3 12-Mar
Feb. 4 13-Mar
Feb. 5 14-Mar
Feb. 6 15-Mar
First Quarter Feb. 7 16-Mar
Feb. 8 17-Mar St. Patrick’s Day
Feb. 9 18-Mar
Feb. 10 19-Mar
Feb. 11 20-Mar
Feb. 12 21-Mar
Feb. 13 22-Mar
Feb. 14 23-Mar
Full Moon Feb. 15 24-Mar
Feb. 16 25-Mar
Feb. 17 26-Mar  10 Buddhists attempt to force their way into the Palace in Kyoto to lay a petition before the Emperor. It is taken as an attempt on his life, and causes an uproar…
Feb. 18 27-Mar
Rain Water Feb. 19 28-Mar
Feb. 20 29-Mar
Feb. 21 30-Mar
Last Quarter Feb. 22 31-Mar Easter
Feb. 23 1-Apr
Feb. 24 2-Apr
Feb. 25 3-Apr  Huge fire in Tokyo destroys everything from the Nihon-Bashi bridge to Sikiji (?) and from the Castle down to the beach. It started in the Aizu yashiki (clan depot of sorts) and raged for 12 hours under a high wind. 41 streets and over 5,000 houses destroyed.
Feb. 26 4-Apr
Feb. 27 5-Apr
Feb. 28 6-Apr
New Moon Feb. 29 7-Apr
Mar. 1 8-Apr
Mar. 2 9-Apr
3rd day of 3rd month: Hina Matsuri Mar. 3 10-Apr
Mar. 4 11-Apr
Awakening of Insects Mar. 5 12-Apr
Mar. 6 13-Apr
Mar. 7 14-Apr
First Quarter Mar. 8 15-Apr
Mar. 9 16-Apr
Mar. 10 17-Apr
Mar. 11 18-Apr
Mar. 12 19-Apr
Mar. 13 20-Apr
Mar. 14 21-Apr
Mar. 15 22-Apr
Full Moon Mar. 16 23-Apr
Mar. 17 24-Apr
Mar. 18 25-Apr
Mar. 19 26-Apr
Mid-Spring Mar. 20 27-Apr
Mar. 21 28-Apr
Mar. 22 29-Apr
Last Quarter Mar. 23 30-Apr
Mar. 24 1-May
Mar. 25 2-May
Mar. 26 3-May
Mar. 27 4-May
Mar. 28 5-May
Mar. 29 6-May
New Moon Apr. 1 7-May
Apr. 2 8-May
Apr. 3 9-May
Apr. 4 10-May
Clear Weather Apr. 5 11-May
Apr. 6 12-May
Apr. 7 13-May
Apr. 8 14-May
First Quarter Apr. 9 15-May
Apr. 10 16-May
Apr. 11 17-May
Apr. 12 18-May
Apr. 13 19-May
Apr. 14 20-May
Apr. 15 21-May
Full Moon Apr. 16 22-May
Apr. 17 23-May
Apr. 18 24-May
Apr. 19 25-May
Seed Rain Apr. 20 26-May
Apr. 21 27-May
Apr. 22 28-May
Last Quarter Apr. 23 29-May
Apr. 24 30-May
Apr. 25 31-May
Apr. 26 1-Jun
Apr. 27 2-Jun
Apr. 28 3-Jun
Apr. 29 4-Jun
New Moon Apr. 30 5-Jun
May. 1 6-Jun
May. 2 7-Jun
May. 3 8-Jun
May. 4 9-Jun
5th day of 5th month: Tango no Sekku (carp flying) – Beginning of Summer May. 5 10-Jun
May. 6 11-Jun
May. 7 12-Jun  Railway between Yokohama and Shinagawa, the port of Tokyo, is finished.
May. 8 13-Jun
First Quarter May. 9 14-Jun
May. 10 15-Jun
May. 11 16-Jun
May. 12 17-Jun
May. 13 18-Jun
May. 14 19-Jun
May. 15 20-Jun
Full Moon May. 16 21-Jun
May. 17 22-Jun  Okubo Toshimichi and Ito Hirobumi return to the US (to return higher credentials for the Iwakura Mission in order to revise the unequal treaties). They are plagued continually about the fate of the Christians.
May. 18 23-Jun
May. 19 24-Jun
Little Plenty May. 20 25-Jun
May. 21 26-Jun
Last Quarter May. 22 27-Jun
May. 23 28-Jun
May. 24 29-Jun
May. 25 30-Jun
May. 26 1-Jul
May. 27 2-Jul
May. 28 3-Jul
May. 29 4-Jul 4th of July
New Moon May. 30 5-Jul
June. 1 6-Jul
June. 2 7-Jul
June. 3 8-Jul
June. 4 9-Jul
Transplant Rice Seedlings June. 5 10-Jul
June. 6 11-Jul
June. 7 12-Jul
First Quarter June. 8 13-Jul
June. 9 14-Jul
June. 10 15-Jul
June. 11 16-Jul
June. 12 17-Jul
June. 13 18-Jul
June. 14 19-Jul
Full Moon June. 15 20-Jul
June. 16 21-Jul
June. 17 22-Jul
June. 18 23-Jul
June. 19 24-Jul
June. 20 25-Jul
Height of Summer June. 21 26-Jul
Last Quarter June. 22 27-Jul
June. 23 28-Jul The rest of the Urakami Catholics are finally released.
June. 24 29-Jul
June. 25 30-Jul
June. 26 31-Jul
June. 27 1-Aug
June. 28 2-Aug
June. 29 3-Aug
New Moon Jul. 1 4-Aug
Jul. 2 5-Aug
Jul. 3 6-Aug
Jul. 4 7-Aug
Jul. 5 8-Aug
Little Heat Jul. 6 9-Aug
Jul. 7 10-Aug
7th of 7th month: Tanabata (hoshi matsuri) Jul. 8 11-Aug
First Quarter Jul. 9 12-Aug
Jul. 10 13-Aug
Jul. 11 14-Aug
Jul. 12 15-Aug  The Emperor comes ashore unannounced at Yokohama, and takes the train the rest of the way (17-18 miles?) to Tokyo – his first train ride.
Jul. 13 16-Aug
Jul. 14 17-Aug
Full Moon Jul. 15 18-Aug
15th of 7th month: Obon Jul. 16 19-Aug
Jul. 17 20-Aug
Jul. 18 21-Aug
Jul. 19 22-Aug
Jul. 20 23-Aug
Jul. 21 24-Aug  The America, a new and fine vessel of the Pacific Mail fleet, burns in harbor and is thought to be the work of an arsonist. The Chinese steerage passengers returning from the gold fields suffer heavy loss of life.
Last Quarter Jul. 22 25-Aug
Great Heat Jul. 23 26-Aug
Jul. 24 27-Aug
Jul. 25 28-Aug
Jul. 26 29-Aug
Jul. 27 30-Aug
Jul. 28 31-Aug
Jul. 29 1-Sep
New Moon Jul. 30 2-Sep
Aug. 1 3-Sep
Aug. 2 4-Sep
Aug. 3 5-Sep
Aug. 4 6-Sep
Aug. 5 7-Sep
Aug. 6 8-Sep
Beginning of Fall Aug. 7 9-Sep
First Quarter Aug. 8 10-Sep
Aug. 9 11-Sep
Aug. 10 12-Sep
Aug. 11 13-Sep
Aug. 12 14-Sep
Aug. 13 15-Sep
Aug. 14 16-Sep The Imperial government decides that it is no longer necessary to provide guards for foreigners travelling in Tokyo.
Full Moon Aug. 15 17-Sep
Aug. 16 18-Sep
Aug. 17 19-Sep
Aug. 18 20-Sep
Aug. 19 21-Sep
Aug. 20 22-Sep
Aug. 21 23-Sep
Last Quarter Aug. 22 24-Sep
Local Heat Aug. 23 25-Sep
Aug. 24 26-Sep  The Japanese are no longer allowed to change their names at will – this is a great help to the police.
Aug. 25 27-Sep
Aug. 26 28-Sep
Aug. 27 29-Sep
Aug. 28 30-Sep
Aug. 29 1-Oct
New Moon Aug. 30 2-Oct
Sept. 1 3-Oct
Sept. 2 4-Oct
Sept. 3 5-Oct
Sept. 4 6-Oct
Sept. 5 7-Oct
Sept. 6 8-Oct
First Quarter Sept. 7 9-Oct
White Dew Sept. 8 10-Oct
9th of 9th month: Kiku no sekku (Chrystanthemums) Sept. 9 11-Oct
Sept. 10 12-Oct
Sept. 11 13-Oct
Sept. 12 14-Oct  The Emperor formally opens the railway between Tokyo and Yokohama. The ceremonies had been delayed by bad weather. The rest of the line, from Kobe to Osaka, and from Osaka to Kyoto, are in progress.
Sept. 13 15-Oct
Full Moon Sept. 14 16-Oct
Sept. 15 17-Oct
Sept. 16 18-Oct
Sept. 17 19-Oct
Sept. 18 20-Oct
Sept. 19 21-Oct
Sept. 20 22-Oct
Sept. 21 23-Oct
Last Quarter Sept. 22 24-Oct
Mid Autumn Sept. 23 25-Oct
Sept. 24 26-Oct
Sept. 25 27-Oct
Sept. 26 28-Oct
Sept. 27 29-Oct
Sept. 28 30-Oct
Sept. 29 31-Oct
New Moon Sept. 30 1-Nov
Oct. 1 2-Nov
Oct. 2 3-Nov
Oct. 3 4-Nov
Oct. 4 5-Nov Emperor Meiji receives the Grand Duke of Russia
Oct. 5 6-Nov
First Quarter Oct. 6 7-Nov
Oct. 7 8-Nov
Cold Dew Oct. 8 9-Nov  Huge fire in Boston, destroying 775 buildings.
Oct. 9 10-Nov
Oct. 10 11-Nov
Oct. 11 12-Nov
Oct. 12 13-Nov
Oct. 13 14-Nov
Full Moon Oct. 14 15-Nov
Oct. 15 16-Nov
Oct. 16 17-Nov
Oct. 17 18-Nov
Oct. 18 19-Nov
Oct. 19 20-Nov
Oct. 20 21-Nov
Oct. 21 22-Nov An Imperial Mandate announces that there will be universal conscription of all classes, not just the samurai.  The peasants misunderstand the wording (“blood tax”) and there are several local revolts.
Last Quarter Oct. 22 23-Nov
Fall of Hoarfrost Oct. 23 24-Nov
Oct. 24 25-Nov
Oct. 25 26-Nov
Oct. 26 27-Nov
Oct. 27 28-Nov Thanksgiving
Oct. 28 29-Nov
New Moon Oct. 29 30-Nov
Nov. 1 1-Dec
Nov. 2 2-Dec
Nov. 3 3-Dec
Nov. 4 4-Dec
Nov. 5 5-Dec
Nov. 6 6-Dec
First Quarter: Beginning of Winter Nov. 7 7-Dec
Nov. 8 8-Dec
Nov. 9 9-Dec
Nov. 10 10-Dec
Nov. 11 11-Dec
Nov. 12 12-Dec
Nov. 13 13-Dec
Full Moon Nov. 14 14-Dec
Nov. 15 15-Dec
Nov. 16 16-Dec
Nov. 17 17-Dec
Nov. 18 18-Dec
Nov. 19 19-Dec
Nov. 20 20-Dec
Nov. 21 21-Dec
Last Quarter: Little Snow Nov. 22 22-Dec
Nov. 23 23-Dec
Nov. 24 24-Dec
Nov. 25 25-Dec Christmas
Nov. 26 26-Dec
Nov. 27 27-Dec
Nov. 28 28-Dec
Nov. 29 29-Dec
New Moon Dec. 1 30-Dec
Dec. 2 31-Dec  The foremost merchant in Tokyo commits suicide on account of government disfavor and being unable to meet his debts.
Dec. 3, 1872 Jan. 1, 1873 This date was announced as the official transition to using the Gregorian Calendar.