1871

Japanese vs. Gregorian Calendar

(Meiji 4, Year of the Sheep?)

Moon Cycles Lunar Dates Gregorian Dates Events
Nov. 11 Jan. 1
Nov. 12 Jan. 2
Nov. 13 Jan. 3
Nov. 14 Jan. 4
Nov. 15 Jan. 5
Full Moon Nov. 16 Jan. 6
Nov. 17 Jan. 7
Nov. 18 Jan. 8
Nov. 19 Jan. 9
Nov. 20 Jan. 10
Nov. 21 Jan. 11
Little Snow Nov. 22 Jan. 12
Nov. 23 Jan. 13  Ring and Dallas, two foreign teachers at the new Imperial University set up in a former daimyo’s compound near the Palace, are cut down in the evening by a samurai.
Last Quarter Nov. 24 Jan. 14  An inspection of swords begins all over Tokyo, but the man is never found.
Nov. 25 Jan. 15
Nov. 26 Jan. 16
Nov. 27 Jan. 17
Nov. 28 Jan. 18
Nov. 29 Jan. 19
New Moon Nov. 30 Jan. 20
Dec. 1 Jan. 21
Dec. 2 Jan. 22
Dec. 3 Jan. 23
Dec. 4 Jan. 24
Dec. 5 Jan. 25
Dec. 6 Jan. 26
Great Snow Dec. 7 Jan. 27
First Quarter Dec. 8 Jan. 28
Dec. 9 Jan. 29
Dec. 10 Jan. 30
Dec. 11 Jan. 31
Dec. 12 Feb. 1
Dec. 13 Feb. 2
Dec. 14 Feb. 3
Dec. 15 Feb. 4
Full Moon Dec. 16 Feb. 5
Dec. 17 Feb. 6
Dec. 18 Feb. 7
Dec. 19 Feb. 8
Dec. 20 Feb. 9
Dec. 21 Feb. 10
Height of Winter Dec. 22 Feb. 11
Last Quarter Dec. 23 Feb. 12
Dec. 24 Feb. 13
Dec. 25 Feb. 14
Dec. 26 Feb. 15 Plum Blossoms (Tokyo)
Dec. 27 Feb. 16
Dec. 28 Feb. 17
Oomisoka (New Year’s Eve) Eat long noodles (toshi-koshi) to cross from one year to next). Dec. 29 Feb. 18
New Moon Jan. 1 Feb. 19 Chinese & Japanese New Year
Jan. 2 Feb. 20
Jan. 3 Feb. 21
Jan. 4 Feb. 22
Jan. 5 Feb. 23
Little Frost Jan. 6 Feb. 24
Nanakusa no sekku (eat 7-herb rice porridge) Jan. 7 Feb. 25
Jan. 8 Feb. 26
First Quarter Jan. 9 Feb. 27
Jan. 10 Feb. 28
Jan. 11 1-Mar
Jan. 12 2-Mar
Jan. 13 3-Mar
Jan. 14 4-Mar
Jan. 15 5-Mar
Full Moon Jan. 16 6-Mar
Jan. 17 7-Mar
Jan. 18 8-Mar
Jan. 19 9-Mar  Henry Morton Stanley, reporter, sets out from the coast of Africa toward the interior to find Dr. Livingstone.
Great Frost Jan. 20 10-Mar
Jan. 21 11-Mar
Jan. 22 12-Mar
Last Quarter Jan. 23 13-Mar
Jan. 24 14-Mar
Jan. 25 15-Mar
Jan. 26 16-Mar
Jan. 27 17-Mar
Jan. 28 18-Mar
Jan. 29 19-Mar
New Moon Jan. 30 20-Mar
Feb. 1 21-Mar
Feb. 2 22-Mar
Setsubun Feb. 3 23-Mar
Risshun: Beginning of Spring Feb. 4 24-Mar
* “lucky for beginnings” Feb. 5 25-Mar
Feb. 6 26-Mar Cherry Blossoms (Tokyo)
Feb. 7 27-Mar
Feb. 8 28-Mar  The navy yard at Yokosuka (south of Yokohama, about 40 miles from Tokyo) is opened.
First Quarter Feb. 9 29-Mar
– unlucky, on which “weddings should be avoided” Feb. 10 30-Mar
Feb. 11 31-Mar
Feb. 12 1-Apr
Feb. 13 2-Apr
Feb. 14 3-Apr
Feb. 15 4-Apr  Mrs. Mary Potts patents a type of “sad iron” with a removable handle, which allows one head to be heated while another is used.
Full Moon Feb. 16 5-Apr
Feb. 17 6-Apr
Feb. 18 7-Apr
Usui: Rainwater Feb. 19 8-Apr
Feb. 20 9-Apr Easter
Feb. 21 10-Apr
Feb. 22 11-Apr
*Last Quarter Feb. 23 12-Apr
Feb. 24 13-Apr  Congress passes the Third Force Act, which allows the suppression of the Ku Klux Klan by military force if necessary.
Feb. 25 14-Apr
Feb. 26 15-Apr
Feb. 27 16-Apr
Feb. 28 17-Apr
* Feb. 29 18-Apr
New Moon Feb. 30 19-Apr
1-Mar 20-Apr  The Museum of Natural History opens in New York City.
2-Mar 21-Apr
3rd day of 3rd month: Hina Matsuri 3-Mar 22-Apr
4-Mar 23-Apr
Keichitsu: Awakening of Insects 5-Mar 24-Apr
6-Mar 25-Apr Wisteria (Tokyo)
7-Mar 26-Apr
First Quarter 8-Mar 27-Apr
9-Mar 28-Apr
10-Mar 29-Apr
11-Mar 30-Apr
12-Mar 1-May
13-Mar 2-May
14-Mar 3-May
Full Moon 15-Mar 4-May
Haru higan (7 days surrounding Shunbun) 16-Mar 5-May
17-Mar 6-May
18-Mar 7-May
19-Mar 8-May
Shunbun: Mid-Spring, Vernal Equinox 20-Mar 9-May
(Haru Shanichi = shinto, higan chunichi = buddist) 21-Mar 10-May
Last Quarter 22-Mar 11-May
23-Mar 12-May
24-Mar 13-May
25-Mar 14-May
26-Mar 15-May
27-Mar 16-May
28-Mar 17-May
29-Mar 18-May
New Moon 30-Mar 19-May
1-Apr 20-May
2-Apr 21-May
3-Apr 22-May
4-Apr 23-May
Seimei: Clear & Bright Weather 5-Apr 24-May
6-Apr 25-May
7-Apr 26-May
First Quarter 8-Apr 27-May
9-Apr 28-May
10-Apr 29-May
11-Apr 30-May
12-Apr 31-May
13-Apr 1-Jun  June 1871:  Presbyterian ministers (including Dr. Hepburn, who did the modern romanization system) write home to their board in the US reiterating that the Catholic converts (about 4,100) that were arrested in 1868  have not yet been released…
14-Apr 2-Jun
Full Moon 15-Apr 3-Jun
16-Apr 4-Jun
17-Apr 5-Jun
18-Apr 6-Jun
19-Apr 7-Jun
Kokuu: Grain Rain 20-Apr 8-Jun
Last Quarter 21-Apr 9-Jun
22-Apr 10-Jun
23-Apr 11-Jun
24-Apr 12-Jun
25-Apr 13-Jun
26-Apr 14-Jun
27-Apr 15-Jun Hydrangea
28-Apr 16-Jun
New Moon 29-Apr 17-Jun
1-May 18-Jun
Hachiju hachiya (88 nights since Risshun) 2-May 19-Jun
3-May 20-Jun
4-May 21-Jun
(Tango) Rikka: Beginning of Summer 5-May 22-Jun
6-May 23-Jun
7-May 24-Jun
First Quarter 8-May 25-Jun
9-May 26-Jun
10-May 27-Jun
11-May 28-Jun
12-May 29-Jun
13-May 30-Jun
14-May 1-Jul
Full Moon 15-May 2-Jul
16-May 3-Jul
17-May 4-Jul
18-May 5-Jul
19-May 6-Jul
20-May 7-Jul
Shoman: Grain Full 21-May 8-Jul
Last Quarter 22-May 9-Jul
23-May 10-Jul
24-May 11-Jul
25-May 12-Jul
26-May 13-Jul
27-May 14-Jul
28-May 15-Jul
29-May 16-Jul
New Moon 30-May 17-Jul
1-Jun 18-Jul
2-Jun 19-Jul
3-Jun 20-Jul  Lord Cardwell, British Secretary of State for War, finally manages to abolish the practice of buying military commissions.
4-Jun 21-Jul
Boshu: Grain in Ear (Transplanting Rice Seedlings?) 5-Jun 22-Jul
6-Jun 23-Jul
7-Jun 24-Jul
First Quarter 8-Jun 25-Jul
9-Jun 26-Jul
10-Jun 27-Jul
Nyubai (entering tsuyu, or rainy season) 11-Jun 28-Jul
12-Jun 29-Jul
13-Jun 30-Jul
Full Moon 14-Jun 31-Jul
15-Jun 1-Aug
16-Jun 2-Aug
17-Jun 3-Aug
18-Jun 4-Aug
19-Jun 5-Aug Han are abolished. (2 possible dates)

The Japanese feudal system is officially abolished, and everything goes mostly smoothly.  Samurai-owned land (bukechi – cannot be bought or sold) can now be officially sold.

20-Jun 6-Aug
Last Quarter: Geshi: Height of Summer, Solstice 21-Jun 7-Aug
22-Jun 8-Aug
23-Jun 9-Aug
24-Jun 10-Aug
25-Jun 11-Aug
26-Jun 12-Aug
27-Jun 13-Aug
28-Jun 14-Aug
29-Jun 15-Aug
New Moon 30-Jun 16-Aug
1-Jul 17-Aug
Hangesho (one of the 72 ko, farmers take 5 days off in places) 2-Jul 18-Aug
3-Jul 19-Aug
4-Jul 20-Aug
5-Jul 21-Aug
Shosho: Small Heat 6-Jul 22-Aug
First Quarter 7-Jul 23-Aug
8-Jul 24-Aug
9-Jul 25-Aug
10-Jul 26-Aug
11-Jul 27-Aug
12-Jul 28-Aug
13-Jul 29-Aug Han are abolished.
Full Moon 14-Jul 30-Aug
Obon(feast of ancestors) or Chugen (ghost festival) 15-Jul 31-Aug
16-Jul 1-Sep
17-Jul 2-Sep
18-Jul 3-Sep
19-Jul 4-Sep
Natsu no doyo (eating eel is customary!) 20-Jul 5-Sep
Last Quarter 21-Jul 6-Sep
22-Jul 7-Sep
Taisho: Large Heat 23-Jul 8-Sep
24-Jul 9-Sep
25-Jul 10-Sep
Doyo (18 days before fall, hottest period) 26-Jul 11-Sep
27-Jul 12-Sep
28-Jul 13-Sep
New Moon 29-Jul 14-Sep Autumn Leaves
Aug. 1 15-Sep
Aug. 2 16-Sep
Aug. 3 17-Sep
Aug. 4 18-Sep
Aug. 5 19-Sep
Aug. 6 20-Sep
First Quarter: Risshu: Beginning of Autumn Aug. 7 21-Sep
Aug. 8 22-Sep  General Philip Sheridan hosts a hunting party for several New York bigwigs, including publishers August Belmont and James Gordon Bennett.  Buffalo Bill is their guide.
Aug. 9 23-Sep
Aug. 10 24-Sep
Aug. 11 25-Sep
Aug. 12 26-Sep
Aug. 13 27-Sep
Full Moon Aug. 14 28-Sep
Aug. 15 29-Sep
Aug. 16 30-Sep
Aug. 17 1-Oct
Aug. 18 2-Oct
Aug. 19 3-Oct
Aug. 20 4-Oct
Aug. 21 5-Oct  The Great Chicago Fire begins.
Last Quarter Aug. 22 6-Oct
Shosho: Limit of Heat Aug. 23 7-Oct  The Great Chicago Fire ends, leaving  250 people killed, 90,000 people homeless, and vast areas of the city burned to the ground.
Aug. 24 8-Oct
Aug. 25 9-Oct
Aug. 26 10-Oct
Aug. 27 11-Oct
Aug. 28 12-Oct
Aug. 29 13-Oct
New Moon Aug. 30 14-Oct
Nihyaku toka (210 days since Risshun) Sept. 1 15-Oct
Sept. 2 16-Oct
Sept. 3 17-Oct
Sept. 4 18-Oct
Sept. 5 19-Oct
First Quarter Sept. 6 20-Oct
Sept. 7 21-Oct
Hakuro: White Dew Sept. 8 22-Oct
Sept. 9 23-Oct
Sept. 10 24-Oct  Los Angeles Chinatown lynchings.  Nineteen Chinese killed in “reprisal” for the supposed murder of a white man.  The average height of the Chinese railroad workers is 4′ 4″ and they weigh only 120 lbs.

Stanley finds Livingstone in Africa.  “Dr. Livingstone, I presume?”

Nihyaku hatsuka (220 days since Risshun) Sept. 11 25-Oct
Sept. 12 26-Oct
Sept. 13 27-Oct
Full Moon Sept. 14 28-Oct
Sept. 15 29-Oct
Sept. 16 30-Oct
Sept. 17 31-Oct
Sept. 18 1-Nov
Sept. 19 2-Nov
Aki higan (days around fall equinox?) Sept. 20 3-Nov
Sept. 21 4-Nov
Last Quarter Sept. 22 5-Nov
Shubun: Mid Autumn Equinox Sept. 23 6-Nov
(aki shanichi in Shinto) Sept. 24 7-Nov
Sept. 25 8-Nov
Sept. 26 9-Nov
Sept. 27 10-Nov
Sept. 28 11-Nov
New Moon Sept. 29 12-Nov
Oct. 1 13-Nov
Oct. 2 14-Nov
Oct. 3 15-Nov
Oct. 4 16-Nov
Oct. 5 17-Nov
Oct. 6 18-Nov
First Quarter Oct. 7 19-Nov
Kanro: Cold Dew Oct. 8 20-Nov
Oct. 9 21-Nov
Oct. 10 22-Nov
Oct. 11 23-Nov
Oct. 12 24-Nov
Oct. 13 25-Nov
Full Moon Oct. 14 26-Nov
Oct. 15 27-Nov
Oct. 16 28-Nov
Oct. 17 29-Nov
Oct. 18 30-Nov Thanksgiving
Oct. 19 1-Dec
Oct. 20 2-Dec
Oct. 21 3-Dec
Oct. 22 4-Dec
Last Quarter: Soko: Fall of Hoarfrost Oct. 23 5-Dec
Oct. 24 6-Dec
Oct. 25 7-Dec
Oct. 26 8-Dec
Oct. 27 9-Dec
Oct. 28 10-Dec
New Moon Oct. 29 11-Dec
Nov. 1 12-Dec
Nov. 2 13-Dec
Nov. 3 14-Dec
Nov. 4 15-Dec
Nov. 5 16-Dec
Nov. 6 17-Dec
First Quarter: Ritto: Beginning of Winter Nov. 7 18-Dec
Nov. 8 19-Dec
Nov. 9 20-Dec
Nov. 10 21-Dec
Nov. 11 22-Dec
Nov. 12 23-Dec  The Iwakura Mission departs Yokohama on an around-the-world trip of study and observation.  Included are 5 young girls ages 6-15.  The youngest three will remain in the USA for 10 years and be educated as American ladies.
Nov. 13 24-Dec
Nov. 14 25-Dec  Christmas.
Full Moon Nov. 15 26-Dec
Nov. 16 27-Dec
Nov. 17 28-Dec
Nov. 18 29-Dec
Nov. 19 30-Dec
Nov. 20 31-Dec